New English word? Translate any word using double click.
Meter, Entrar, Sacar, Subir, Bajar, Dar la Vuelta, Salir….
Look at this drawing and try to connect the Prepositions with the Direction of the arrow:
INTO* – OUT OF* – UP – DOWN – ONTO* – OFF – BACK – AROUND – OVER – AWAY
*NOTE: This complete form of the preposition is used only when the destination is mentioned. For example:
- John walked in / John walked into the room.
- My granny got out / My granny got out of the car.
- The cat jumped on / The cat jumped onto the table
(Answers: 1. away,2. up,3. into, 4. down, 5. back 6. over,7. off, 8. onto, 9. out of, 10. around)
Now look at these two photos. The verb in both cases is ‘fall’, but the preposition is different. What is it?
As you can see, it is not so easy to ‘fall down’ in English. Fall down is what happens when you faint, or when somebody takes away your chair just as you are sitting down.
(Answers:fall over;fall off)
Let’s try another action, ‘Turn’ (‘Dar la vuelta’ in Spanish). Choose a preposition for each of these cases. Think of the direction of the movement:
- You are frying a chop. It’s cooked on one side but not the other. You………………
OR: You are uncomfortable with your position in bed.
OR: You are reading a book. You get to the end of the page.
- You are trying on a coat in the changing rooms. It’s OK at the front, but behind? You…………….
OR: You are walking down the street when you hear someone call your name 20 metres behind you.
- You walk out of your house and to your car. You stop- You’ve left the car key in the kitchen! You……………………
(Answers:turn over,turn around,turn back)
OK, we’ve got the idea. You use a verb to express what you do, and a preposition to describe the direction. Now let’s try an exercise.
Try to forget the system in Spanish and answer two questions:
- What is the action? (IR A PIE/CORRER/CONDUCIR)
- What is the direction? (DENTRO/FUERA/MARCHANDO)
SPANISH VERB + PREPOSITION
- ENTRAR Go in
- ENTRAR A PIE
- SALIR CORRIENDO
- SALIR EN COCHE
- MARCHAR EN COCHE
(Go in/Walk in/Run out/Drive out/Drive away)
Got it? Let’s carry on….
- SUBES AL ATICO=
- SUBES UNA CAJA AL ATICO=
- EN EL ATICO, LE MANDAS A TU HERMANO SUBIR UNA CAJA=
- BAJAR AL SOTANO=
- BAJAR PARA QUE NO TE VEAN=
- BAJAR UNA MALETA DE ENCIMA DEL ARMARIO=
NOTE: The difference between ‘go‘ and ‘get’ is that ‘get‘ is only a movement, not exactly going anywhere.
You go out of a room, but get out of a car.
(Answers: go up,take up,bring up,go down,get down,take down)
Some last questions…
1. What’s the difference?
- Mum, I’ve cut my finger.
- Mum, I’ve cut my finger OFF.
2. You go to the bank ATM. You want to get some money- What do you do?
- You ___________ your debit card ____________ your wallet and you _________ it _________ the machine.
- You tap in your number and __________ some money ___________.
3. Your friend lives on the seventh floor of an apartment block. You call him on the intercom from the ground floor.
- “David- It’s me! Shall I ___________________ or are you _____________________?
(1.bThe finger has been completely cut/severed
2.take your debit card out of/put it in the machine/take or get some money out
3.go up/coming down)
That’s it! If you have any questions, leave a comment below..