Your Questions and Queries

Are you preparing for an exam? You can’t find the answer to your question anywhere? Your boyfriend’s Scottish and you don’t know what to say to his mum? Ask me what you want to know…

¿Estas preparando un examen? No puedes encontrar la respuesta a tu duda? Tu novio es escocés, y no sabes que decir a su madre? . Preguntame lo que quieres saber….


If you provide an Email you will receive a message, once your Question is Answered.

Hi! We use the modal verb SHOULD when giving advice. However, we use HAD BETTER for the same purpose if I don’t get wrong… Is there any difference? Thanks! 20. October 2015

Good question, and difficult to explain…

There is a difference, but it’s a difference of tone, more than meaning. ‘Had better’ is more urgent. Look at these examples:

A FRIEND: You should eat more vegetables and do more exercise – you’ll feel better.
THE DOCTOR: You’d better stop smoking now, or you won’t live long!

HAD BETTER often implies a threat or danger:
“You’d better tell me what he said, or I’ll tell them our secret….”

‘Ought to’ is the same as ‘Should’, although it is only used in its affirmative form, as a general rule.


Hello, Would you be so kind as to tell me the difference between ‘faculty’ and “college” ? I noticed the word college its not only used in the context of University but also as a school. As well as that, I don’t know what the sixth form is ( I know it consists of the 2 last years before University but the question would be: How many “forms” are there ? Thank you very much from Antonio 20. October 2015

OK… I have the sensation that you are asking me about US English, and I am British, so I’ll tell you about the UK side, and what I think happens in the US.

A faculty in the UK means a department of studies at university. For example, the Faculty of Social Science or the Faculty of Medicine. I think this is the same in the USA.

A college in the USA is another word for university. In the UK it’s a centre of education which is alternative to a university- if you want to study hairdressing or plumbing, for example.

People usually refer to years at secondary school as ‘forms’. So compulsory secondary education is from the first to the fifth forms (11 – 16 years old), and then the ‘lower sixth’ and ‘upper sixth’ forms are for ‘A-levels’ (for University admission).

This is the UK. I’ll ask on Facebook to see if anybody knows about the US.


Hi ! I would like to know when the usage of the prepositions at/on/over and during are appropriate for the word weekend. I would be greatful if you could give me some examples when using each one. Thank you very much. 20. October 2015

(grateful)

OK. Let’s first talk about ‘on the weekend’. I was going to tell you ‘That’s wrong’ and then I remembered that Americans say ‘on the weekend’, although that doesn’t mean it’s correct 😉 .

The correct form (or UK form – it’s the same thing 🙂 ) is ‘at the weekend’. No plural form, always singular.

‘During the weekend’ is basically the same thing, but isn’t used as frequently. It is also very commob to hear ‘this weekend’ ‘last weekend’ and ‘next weekend’ depending on the sentence.

‘Over the weekend’ is a way of saying ‘during the whole weekend’ instead of ‘at some point during the weekend’. Look at the example:

I’ll see you at the weekend = At some point during the weekend

Why don’t you stay over the weekend = Stay for the whole weekend


Could you please tell me the difference between exact and accurate? Thanks! 20. October 2015

Imagine somebody asks you: ‘How long does it take for light to travel from the sun to the earth?’

If you say: ‘I’d say between 8 – 8 and a half minutes.’ that’s quite ACCURATE.

If you say: ‘Exactly 8 minutes 20 seconds’, that’s EXACT (according to Google. I am not responsible for any scientific statements on this webpage 🙂 )

There are degrees of accuracy, but something is either exact or not.


What’s the difference in meaning among the verbs To look + adjective, To be like and To look like? Thank you from Antonio 20. October 2015

– Look like = be similar PHYSICALLY

You look like your dad – you are tall and strong, the same as him.

– Be like = be similar IN PERSONALITY

You’re like your dad. He never relaxes, and look at you! Today is Sunday, and you’re working!

– Look + Adjective = Seem to be (for people looking at you)

‘Hi Sarah- You look tired!’ ‘I know. I had to finish a project. I only slept for 3 hours!’

‘Did you see James with his new girlfriend – They looked really happy.’

This only works when you see people. For exanple, if you are on the phobe you would say ‘You sound tired’.


Como hacer una pregunta si la respuesta es: mi mejor amiga me llama tres veces a la semana 15. October 2015

La pregunta seria:

‘¿Con que frecuencia te llama tu mejor amiga?’

Recuerda que la pregunta es Presente Simple (porque esta hablando de algo EN GENERAL) y por lo tanto tienes que que usar el auxiliar ‘DO’, pero que también ‘tu mejor amiga’ (ella) es tercera persona y debe llevar ‘-S’. Finalmente el orden es: Pregunta (Con que Frecuencia) / Auxiliar (Adaptas ‘DO’) / Persona (Tu mejor amiga) / Verbos (Llamar) / Resto de la frase. Entonces:

How often does your best friend call you? (‘phone you’ o ‘ring you’ tambien es posible)


the exact instruction is: write a paragraph to share with the class about your favorite way to spend a free hour at home. in your paragraph include at least 5 different examples of subject-verb agreement with indefinite pronouns, compound subjects, and inverted sentences. 13. September 2015

5 in total, I hope – not 5 each! OK, let’s try:

I don’t like it when everybody (1) phones me to invite me out, nor am I (2) the type of person to go out dancing. Me and my brother (3) (or: My brother and I – more formal) usually stay at home and play videogames. We switch off our phones so nobody (4) disturbs us, and only after an hour do we turn them back on again (5).

Is that OK? I you want another compound subject: ‘My dog and my 2 cats (6) also like to join in the fun!’


Does the phrasal verb “take off” have an other meaning: to kill? 13. September 2015

‘Take out’ means ‘eliminate’. There are some American or Australian phrasal verbs I might not know, but as far as I know, no.

‘Take off’ can mean:

– A plane leaving an airport ‘What time does your plane take off?’
– Undressing ‘Your t-shirt is dirty – take it off!’
– A rapid growth ‘Sales of the new mobile watch have really taken off.’


I would like to know the difference among the verbs ‘To make a good/ bad impression on sb , To give a good/bad impression and ‘To get the impression’ Thanks! 12. September 2015

If you GIVE somebody something (an idea/an opportunity), the other person GETS it.
In the same way if you GIVE (or MAKE) a good impression, the other people GET a good impression (of you). That’s the difference. You can use it in many ways:

“I got the impression he was lying.”

“They gave me the impression that they were married.”

“You have to make a good impression when you go to an interview.”

GIVE somebody an impression = MAKE an impression ON somebody


I still have problems with all that I don’t get it, can you please do an example, a paragraph with does conditions? please i really need to understand that 11. September 2015

Sorry, ‘does conditions’?
Do you mean First Conditional with ‘does’. Example:

‘If he does his homework I’ll take him to the cinema.’

That’s not really connected with what you said before. Do you have the specific instructions for the exercise?


help me please its to write a paragraph about my favorite way to spend a free hour at home using 5 examples of subject-verb agreement with indefinite pronouns, compound subject.. 11. September 2015

5 examples with these 2 grammar structures? OK, let’s try:

Indefinite pronouns:

“I like it when somebody phones to invite me out for a drink unexpectedly.”
Everyone knows that I love reading..”
Nobody knows what I really like.

These are generally 3rd person singular.

Compound Subjects:

My wife/friends and I like to go for a walk in the evenings…”
My dog and my cats always come with me to the shops”
“You and me/you and I have a lot in common.”

Generally plural….. I hope this gets to you on time!


Si quisiera preguntar por una habitación en un hotel.La pregunta sería :”do you have any room for two night? 20. August 2015

Muy bien – solo recuerda que ‘any’ no es singular, entonces sería una de estas frases:

“Do you have A room for nights?”

“Do you have any roomS for two nights?”

More typical tourist expressions:

Frases para Turistas


¿Puede facilitarme los contenidos que debo estudiar para sacar un alto porcentaje en el First Certificate? 11. August 2015

Lo mejor es mirar en la pagina de Cambridge mismo:

http://www.cambridgeenglish.org/exams/first/preparation/

Tambien mira mis consejos para el Writing:

http://profesornativogratis.com/category/how-to-write/

Y el Speaking:

Agreeing and Disagreeing

Suggesting and Making Plans

Y los ejercicios de Listening:

http://profesornativogratis.com/listen/ (La tercera sección – ‘Exam Preparation’

Buena Suerte! Dinos que tal te va!


Como utilizar el ‘him’? 5. August 2015

‘Him’ (masculino) ‘Her’ (feminino) y ‘It’ (sin género / animal ‘sin personalidad’) reemplaza cualquier nombre en la parte secundaria de una frase:

I saw David = I saw HIM
David gave his sister an icecream = David gave HER an icecream
She ate the icecream = She ate IT

Se llama ‘Object Pronoun’. ‘Subject pronouns’ son los que suelen empezar la frase (I/You/He/She…) Object Pronouns (Me/You/Him/Her) llegan más tarde en la frase.

Es una explicación sencilla, pero al principio basta, creo.


Los verbos estativos no se pueden utilizar en los “continuos”, entonces como se diría: Yo te estoy viendo . I’m seeing you (?) ¿Existe esa expresión en Inglés?, si es que existe la expresión ¿Tengo que usar otro verbo? ¿Cuál?, ¿Lo mismo pasa con los otros verbos estativos?. Quiero saber si existe un reemplazo para los verbos estativos para usar en los continuos o simplemente no se usan, gracias from Jose Luis 4. August 2015

Es una pregunta muy buena, y no es fácil de contestar.

Lo más importante es saber que nada esta escrito en piedra. No son ‘reglas’ gramaticales, tanto como explicaciones de como el idioma se usa. ‘Feel’ ‘Look’ (parecer) and ‘Love’ are some examples: Los dos eran hace años verbos que no se ‘debían’ poner en continuo. Ahora (el segundo gracias a McDonalds) se puede oir:

“How are you feeling? I’m loving this party”

“You’re looking tired” (en lugar de “You look tired”

Cuando pongo “debían” entre comillas quiero dejar claro que ese ‘deber’ existe para estudiantes de Inglés, pero no para un nativo. Creo que un profesor sería justificado en marcar ‘I’m seeing you’ como incorrecto (aunque yo no lo haría), pero si lo dice mi hermano u otro nativo no tendría ningun sentido en decir que es incorrecto. ¿Según quien? No hay Academia Real para intervenir.

Finalemente, desde hace siglos el uso del continuo, y la erosión de los verbos estativos es continuo (haha). De momento no se dice: ‘I’m understanding’, ni ‘I’m remembering’ – pero espera unos 20-30 años!


How does the story end ? The story ends unhappy . Is this answer correct 1. August 2015

The correct answer is: “Unhappily”, because you need an adverb to go with the verb (end)
“Unhappy” as an adjective refers to the noun.

In other words:
Someone is unhappy
He does something unhappily


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